Detached fresco, Berroia, Ag. Photida
Late 14th-early 15thC.
In March 1489, Ianni Dilalo, Vasili Pullisiano, and Nicola Capsocollo were directed by Antonio Venier and Dominico Bembo, the "magnificent and generous rettori and most worthy provedditori" of Koroni, to make a survey of the property held by Nicola Xachili that had formerly belonged to the late ser Farante Suppin. Dimitri Cutrulli, the captain of Meronada, brought them their orders and papa Dimitri Calamara wrote down the legal record. This was part of the same survey that was discussed last week.
Nicola Xachili (that Venetian X can be pronounced as a Z or an S or an H) held land at Milopotamia -- notice the mills mentioned. He was one of the larger landholders, owing 28 perperi* a year. This is what he owned -- notice that single trees are counted.
*A free tavern, bordered by the public road and the mill of Calamara.
*A garden, one octava: it has 3 orange trees and 1 walnut.
*On the west a garden, one octava: it has 4 orange trees. It borders with the garden of Calamara, and with the garden of ser Gilio Defrancheschi, and with the mill of the signoria, which borders on the public road and is held by the said Nicola Xachili.**
*A vineyard, worked by 1/2 man, produces annually 4 measures of must. It borders on the east with the field of Dimitri Palamida, on the west with the garden of ser Theofilato Cocalla, on the north with the public road, on the south with the garden of the late Zorzi Chalifa.
* A little garden, one octava. It has 7 orange trees, 3 fig trees, 1 cherry tree, 1 pomegranate, and 1 walnut. It borders on the east with the public road, on the west with the field of ser Theofilato Cocalla, on the north half with the mill of the signoria, and the other half with the mill and property of Nicodimo, and that mill borders on the public road and on the north with the field of Colafti.
* A field of one mozada. It has 6 olive trees, 3 orange trees, 1 walnut tree, and 6 fig trees. It borders on the east with the watercourse for the mill, on the west with the field of ser Theofilato Cocalla, on the north with Colafti, on the south with the said ser Theofilato.
* * * * * *
It is striking to find cherry and walnut trees so far south. Both this document and the one from last week suggest that land was held in very small parcels.
Again, I would be grateful if someone could tell me how much land was contained in a mozada and an octava.
* Based on the monetary equivalents Bartolomeo Minio gave 8 years earlier: 1 ducat was the equivalent of 13 perperi & 10 soldi di tornese, while 20 soldi equalled 1 perpero.
** The mill belongs to the Venetian administration. Xachili pays an annual rent for it and is then free to charge customers what he can get.
I am indebted to Konstantina Papakosma for these documents, which I am glad to make available to anyone else. The originals are found in the Venetian archives, ASVe, Avogaria di Commun, Miscellanea Civil, b. 145, f. 17 et seq.